A small channel developed between the end of the bowel and the skin near the anus. An anal fistula may be painful and causes bleeding discharge while passing stools. Till now, surgery is the only cure for an anal fistula.
- A constant pain, throbbing that may worsen while sitting down.
- Skin irritation around the anus, including redness, swelling, and tenderness.
- Pus or blood discharge
- Pain and constipation associated with bowel movements.
- Persistent infection causes perianal sepsis and fever.
- Ignored fistula comes with complains of gas or stool passing through fistula opening.
- Crohn’s disease- A long-term condition that causes an inflammation of the lining of the digestive system. The abnormal tunnels that are known as fistulas are one of the common complications of Crohn’s disease.
- Diverticulitis- It is a digestive disease in which there occurs an inflammation of pouches within the wall of the large intestine.
- Sexually transmitted disease- Anal fistula may also result from an infection that occurs due to sexually transmitted disease such as HIV infection.
- Untreated anal fistulas can spread to form multiple tracts and several opening in the skin that can lead to serious complications.
- Treatment of Anal Fistula is associated with high recurrence rate.
- Long standing untreated Anal Fistulas cases may have chances of Cancer formation.